Wood Flooring Installation Methods


Floating Installations

Floating installation is the most DIY friendly installation method for laminate and engineeered flooring because it is the easiest and the fastest to do and it does not require any professional skills to install a floor.

The Click system is the easiest as there is no glue or mess professional installers love it as it saves time. Some Engineered floors still use the T & G method. This is when you PVA glue the tongue and groove together. An underlay is required with a floating installation to prevent contact between the floor and the subfloor and more importantly if laying a wood floor over concrete a combi underlay will serve as a moisture barrier and insulation.  We recommend that you don't use floating installation method for a solid wood floor due to the fact that they shrink and expand a lot more than other types of wood flooring, also manufacturers guarantees will be void on floated solid wood floors.

Glue Down Installations

Glue-down installation requires the use of a bonding agent or adhesives applied directly onto the subfloor and can be laid onto both concrete and wooden subfloors. If you are laying over a concrete subfloor you will first need to put down a two part resin damp proof membrane to ensure no damp rises up into your new floor. We recommend using Sika MB Primer (you can buy this in the solid wood accessories menu). Glue-down installation can be very stable when done properly, although it can not be walked on for 12h-24hrs. The adhesives will need to bond to the floor, and can be quite messy especially when applied with a trowel by a novice installer. For a less experienced installer use Sika T53 sausage together with the bulk gun dispenser we also sell a mat with slots in so you know where to apply the glue on the floor.  Important Always apply the glue direct to the floor just enough for a single row of wood boards then place a single row of planks down at a time.

Nail-down Installation

Nail-down installation is the most straight forward of all solid wood floor installation methods, and is only advised if you have a wood subfloor. When installing over plywood the direction you choose to lay the planks does not matter; however, if you are going to nail down a new floor over an existing floorboards you must face the planks of the new floor in the opposite direction of the floorboards, essentially making a criss-cross pattern.  This is done to ensure stability and not risk warping or buckling. Solid wood floors are thicker; hence, they need to be nailed down in order to stay in place. Typically when nailing down an 18mm-22mm solid floor you will want to use 2" long nails. Generally, people regard nail-down installation as being very exacting and time-consuming. It requires you to use specific tools and equipment, which can be hard for a do-it-yourself. There is also a certain skill and level of knowledge needed for this type of installation.